Feline CPR is a procedure used to treat a cat/kitten who is not breathing, or who has no heartbeat. Also called mouth to nose/mouth resuscitation, this procedure involves three vital principles which need to be established before proceeding in CPR. The easiest way to understanding these principles is following the “ABC’s” of Feline CPR:
Airway: Does The Cat/Kitten Have an Open Airway?
Check to see if the cats/kitten’s mouth and throat are clear of foreign objects or obstructions. If they have a foreign object or obstruction in the mouth or throat, you will need to do the following:
1) Lay the cat down on her side
2) Gently tilt back their head to extend the neck and head
3) Gently but firmly pull the tongue between the front teeth
4) Use your finger to gently check for any foreign object or vomit from the mouth.
Remove the object or vomit if possible
5) DO NOT place your fingers in the mouth of a conscious Cat/Kitten, she may bite you!
Breathing: Is The Cat/Kitten Breathing?
If it is not breathing, you will need to do the following:
1) Open the cat’s airway
2) Place your hands or cup your hands over their mouth and nose, allowing your lips to form a seal to deliver breaths to the cat.
3) Place your mouth over the cup of your hands on the cats mouth/nose
4) Give four or five short breaths, rapidly, then check to see if they are breathing on their own. If Cat/Kitten is breathing normally, DO NOT PROCEED, but rather call your vet ASAP
5) If the Cats breathing is shallow or irregular, or that breathing does not continue, continue giving Cat/Kitten respirations until you reach your veterinary hospital or for a maximum of 20 minutes. (If resuscitation continues for longer than 20 minutes, there is less likelihood that Cat/Kitten will survive. Your vet can determine more)
6) No more than 20-30 breaths should be delivered per minute
7) DO NOT ATTEMPT RESPIRATIONS ON A NORMALLY BREATHING OR CONSCIOUS Cat/Kitten !
8) Contact your nearest emergency veterinary hospital immediately for further instruction
Circulation: Does The Cat/Kitten Have A Heartbeat Or Pulse?
If the cat does not have a heartbeat or pulse, you will need to do the following:
1) Lay Cat/Kitten down on her right side
2) Kneel next to your Cat/Kitten with her chest facing you
3) Place the palm of your hands over Cat/Kitten’s ribs at the point where Cat/Kitten’s elbow touches the chest. Place your other hand underneath the right side of Cat/Kitten
4) Compress the chest 1/2 to 1 inch (your elbows should be softly locked during compression
5) Chest compressions are alternated with breaths
6) Perform two chest compressions for each breath, then check for a pulse
7) With two people, one person can deliver breaths while the other performs the compressions at a rate of two compressions for each breath, then check for a pulse
8) DO NOT PERFORM CHEST COMPRESSIONS ON A CONSCIOUS, NORMALLY BREATHING Cat/Kitten ! (While gentle quick pressure is necessary during life-saving chest compressions and respirations, be very careful not to use hard force!)
9) Contact your nearest emergency veterinary hospital immediately for further instruction
**Please note we are not veterinarians and the above is for informational purposes only, if you are concerned about your cat please contact your vet immediately